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Basic Firearm Cleaning

Important Firearm Information March 15, 2021

  1. Always make sure that the firearm is unloaded.
  2. If possible remove the magazine.
  3. If possible remove the bolt. When not possible, lock open the action.
  4. If you have removed the bolt you may perform all cleaning steps from the chamber end.
  5. The first step is to run an appropriate calibre phosphor bronze brush through the bore. This removes loose debris
  6. Next, Swab the bore with an appropriate solvent. If you shoot copper jacketed projectiles, you need a copper solvent. If you shoot lead projectiles, a rimfire or a shotgun, you’ll need a solvent designed for that use.
  7. Run your phosphor bronze brush through the bore for a dozen or more times. This will help mix the solvent and dislodge any fouling.
  8. Leave the solvent in the bore for no longer than 15 (Fifteen) minutes
  9. With the correct size brass jag and flannelette, run a tight patch through the bore.
  10. Repeat steps 8 and 9 until there are no traces of fouling on your flannelette.
  11. With a soft bristle brush (Like a toothbrush) clean around the chamber, removing any material such as unburned powder or excess projectile lubricant.
  12. Swab bore with oil to neutralize the solvent. Oil the outside of the firearm also.
  13. Clean the bolt face with a firm bristle brush to remove any carbon fouling. Make sure to clean underneath the extractor and in the firing pin hole.
  14. Lightly oil your bolt.
  15. Remember you must do step 9 before you fire your firearm. Never fire a firearm with any obstacle in the bore.

    With any other type of action the steps are the same as above except in the case of a firearm you cannot remove the bolt, you then must do all of the steps from the muzzle end.

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