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Owen Guns Bulletin Edition 49 January 2011

Blog January 3, 2011

Welcome to the Forty Ninth Edition of the Owen Guns Bulletin.


 Classified Guns for Sale – ADVERTISE YOUR GUNs HERE. New Site Just Opened, but selling guns so fast than we cannot photograph them and get them up there quick enough. We need yours to sell on Electronic Classifieds!


Scroll down for another Free Firearm Manual & NEW LATEST VERSION
External Ballistics Calculator for all Components,
Not Bullet or Powder Brand Specific.
We are building our new website at www.owenguns.com
To Order Goods From This Site.
Phone 07 54825070 or 0754824099 in shop hours 9 am to 5 pm on weekdays and 9 to 12 on Saturdays, or fax to 07 54824718 with your credit card details.
Details should include Name of card, ie Visa or Mastercard. Name on Card. Number on Card, Expiry Date of Card, 3 secret numbers on the rear of the card.Your home phone or mobile number.
How you want it sent to you, ie mail or road freight. The address you want it sent to. Describe which item you want to purchase.
Visit the website now. We also have shooting articles and important firearm information for the gun enthusiast. Take away free gun photos and free firearm images for your gun gallery collection. New firearm related material is being added every day. Any Inquiries on any products phone 07 54824099 or 07 54825070 or email owenguns@spiderweb.com.au
Any Inquiries on any products phone 07 54824099 or 07 54825070 or email owenguns@spiderweb.com.au

Yet Again its that time of the year and The Staff of Owen Guns takes this opportunity to wish all our Customers a Very Happy New Year for 2011. Travel Safe and Happy Hunting.

SmallMarlin 336 W

A no-frills hunting machine, the Model 336W is chambered for 30-30 Win. and features a 20″ Micro-Groove® (12 grooves). barrel with adjustable rear and ramp with hood front sights. Plus, its receiver is drilled and tapped for scope mounts. The walnut-finished hardwood stock and fore-end have cut checkering and come with a padded nylon sling included.Capacity 6-shot tubular magazine Lever action; side ejection; solid top receiver; deeply blued metal surfaces; gold-plated steel trigger; hammer block safety. Stock Walnut finished cut-checkered hardwood with pistol grip; tough Mar-Shield® finish; blued steel barrel band with integral swivel; padded nylon sling; hard rubber butt plate.Twist Rate 1:10″ r.h. Sights Adjustable semi-buckhorn folding rear; ramp front sight with brass bead and Wide-Scan® hood. offset hammer spur (right or left hand) for scope use.
Overall Length 38.25″ Weight 7 lbs


Tasco Pro point Red Dot Scope


Red dot sights use refractive or reflective optics to generate a collimated image of a luminous or reflective reticle.
This collimated image appears to be projected out to a point at infinity, which makes the image of the reticle appear to the user to be projected onto the target. Due to the fact that
the reticle image is collimated, magnifying the image of the target is impractical, as it would make the sight too hard to hold steady. The RED DOT sights are very useful for fast moving shooting in poor light conditions. No need to get your eye on the middle of the cross hair, point and shoot when the RED DOT lines up with the target. The collimated image does have its advantages,
however, as the scope can be placed at any distance from the eye without distorting the image of the target or reticle. This makes red dot sights suitable for use on pistols, rifles, or shotguns.
Other information Built-on dovetail rail to fit standard centre-fire weaver-style bases . Finish Black Matte Weight (grams) 6.7 oz. Length (inches) 3.75in
Eye Relief (mm) Unlimited Optical Coating Rubicon .multi- layered, fully coated Focus Type fixed, Parallax Setting 50 yards.

$98. plus post.

Victory Knives

E. Goddard Limited have a proud heritage stretching from 1927 until today.Edward Goddard, a master cutler from Sheffield, England, emigrated to New Zealand and began designing and manufacturing knives in 1927. The company has grown steadily during it’s history. E. Goddard was a major supplier of combat knives for the U.S. Army in World War II, while for many years the meat industry in both New Zealand and Australia has preferred Goddard products.E. Goddard continues to thrive today by maintaining the highest standards in manufacture and materials, building it’s reputation for unsurpassed quality. Whether for sports, industry or in the home, Goddard knives are superbly designed for the job and, with a little care, can last a lifetime.All major meat and fish processing companies in New Zealand and Australia use Victory Knives.
Any Inquiries on any products phone 07 54824099 or 07 54825070 or email owenguns@spiderweb.com.au



The Retarded Blowback Action.
All of the simple blowback actions are really retarded blowback, retarded to some degree by inertia, friction, spring pressure and weight. This term retarded blowback is usually reserved for those mechanisms where the breech bolt or block is retarded by a mechanical means. The same effect is desired in either actions, that the breech must not open until the bullet has moved a sufficient distance: usually until it has left the muzzle. Examples of this are the Luger Pistol, the Thompson rifle and submachine gun and the H. & R. Reising.
The Luger employs a breechblock in the form of a toggle like the elbow in your arm.
When the Lugers two arms of the toggle are almost straight, and but very slightly off dead centre, a very considerable pressure is required to start the arms to rise in the centre, and thereby shorten the distance between the two ends. As the centre rises more and more it becomes easier for the two distant ends to be forced towards each other. The front end is the face of the breech block, and the rear end is the stop. Thus when the breech pressure is at its peak the toggle is offering much resistance, and its face is moving back very slowly, giving ample time for the bullet to leave the muzzle. Afterwards, the two arms having risen materially in the centre to the easier operated position, the residual pressure and the momentum of the toggle arms completes the opening. Extracting and ejecting the empty cartridge case The return spring completes the cycle, by stripping the next round off the magazine and fully chambering when the bolt is in the locked position.
The rotary bolt of the Thompson .30-06 semi automatic rifle has locking lugs with surfaces ground on a slight slope like the threads of a screw. When high pressure is applied on the bolt face the lugs rotate or unscrew slowly, the timing being such that when the higher pressures have dropped the lugs will be fully rotated and unlocked. The residual pressure then carries the bolt back to the full extent of its travel. This is the so called “Blish” principle of retardation. These mechanisms work well with cartridges of considerably greater pressure and with longer cases than will the simple blow-back, but long cartridges of high pressure have to be lubricated, that is the body of the case must be greased so that the case will slide back easier through the chamber. If the case and chamber are dry the cases stick so tightly to the chamber walls that they prevent the extraction of the case and the bolt does not return, it is jammed. As a lubricated cartridge would be very unsatisfactory for military use, this type of rifle mechanism has not found much favour in armies. The Schwarzlose machine gun had an automatic oil pump. The .30-06 caliber Thompson automatic rifle and Thompson .45 sub machine gun had felt oiled pads either in the breech or in the sides of the magazine to lubricate the cartridges, but these often accumulated dust and sand which increased friction in the chamber. Extraction is one of the principle problems with all automatic arms, particularly those employing the heavier cartridges. It gives the least trouble with short, straight cartridges like the .45 Colt Automatic and the 9mm Para which needs no lubrication.
The retarded blowback action must complete its unlocking movement in time to utilize the residual gas pressure in the chamber for retracting the breech block, ejecting the fired case, and compressing the counter recoil spring. That is, there must be enough of the residual pressure left to accomplish these functions after it has primarily extracted the case. It will be clear, therefore, that the mechanism must be timed for some one particular cartridge, as it may not operate with a cartridge of much lighter or heavier pressure, and an entire re-design of the action would be necessary to adapt it to some other cartridges.
The pressure generated internally in the chamber by the .308 win or 7.62 Nato cartridge, 52,000 foot pounds has dropped to about 12,000 pounds by the time the bullet leaves the muzzle, while the residual pressure when the bullet is several feet beyond the muzzle is about 5,000 pounds. The action should therefore be timed to complete its unlocking after the bullet has left the muzzle and yet in time to utilize the residual pressure (in addition to a certain amount of momentum) to complete the functioning of the action.
With the use of cartridges similar to the above long bottle necked cartridges, either the toggle or the Blish principle of retarded unlocking the bolt begins to move very slightly to the rear before the pressure has decreased materially. The case is still pressed tightly against the chamber walls. Unless the cartridge is lubricated, so it can slide back instead of sticking, it may just cease up or split, separate, swell at the brass cartridge head, or the primer may blow out. The result is similar to that caused by excessive headspace in a tightly locked breech action. As a rule, most brass cases under heavy pressures cannot stand more than about ten or fifteen thousandths of an inch stretch without rupturing. With conventional high power military cartridges no retarded blowback system can, in all likelihood, be designed without using lubricated cartridges unless like the Hecklar & Kock G3 and SIG SG 510-01 rifles which use a roller-delayed blowback system which in effect hardly delays at all and really relies on the chamber which has longitudinal grooves which assist in reduce the chamber seal, floating the case out with a small amount of residual gas pressure.
The retarded toggle or Blish system are limited to the 45 Colt automatic cartridge and the 9mm Luger cartridges, both of which are short, do not stick tightly in the chamber, and require no lubrication except in the early model Thompson. World Was Two production models made them work without oil pads, probably due to greater wartime dimension tolerances.
The H. & R. Reising has an interesting delay mechanism. The bolt tips so that the rear of the bolt enters a locking recess, bearing against an inclined locking surface. When the gun is fired, the rear of the bolt must ride down this locking surface before the bolt can blow back. Again and adaption of the Blish system and only suitable for straight lined pistol calibres.
Next edition the Short Recoil-Operated Action.

Any Inquiries on any products phone 07 54824099 or 07 54825070 or email owenguns@spiderweb.com.au




700 Remington ™ SPS™ Stainless (Special Purpose Synthetic) offers everything you love about the legendary Model 700™, all at an extremely affordable price.Built to carry on the tradition of the Model 700™ BDL™ Stainless Synthetic, the Model 700™ SPS™ Stainless is leading the way for the next generation of hard-hitting, fully featured, affordable priced rifles. From the rock-solid receiver design to the famous “three rings of steel,” the Model 700™ SPS™ Stainless offers the unrivaled out-of-the-box accuracy and high-end performance you’ve come to expect from America’s most popular bolt-action centrefire rifle. The Model 700™ SPS™ Stainless features an improved, ergonomically designed synthetic stock for better handling and enhanced overall functionality. The bead blasted 416 stainless steel barreled action comes clean without sights and is drilled and tapped for scope mounts. For added corrosion resistance the internal fire control components are plated. Standard amenities include a hinged floor plate magazine, and swivel studs.



including mounts while stock lasts.

Bushnell Range Finder, Yardage Pro.


$362. plus post


Gun Books Make Great Presents, Easy To Post and with years of use and enjoyment. We have over a 1000 Gun Books in stock. Looking for Gun Books We now have a list of some of our many Gun and Firearm books on the website at www.owenguns.com/gympie-shop/gun-book-list and http://www.owenguns.com/gun-book/ and http://www.owenguns.com/used-guns/books/


For Example Nick Harvey’s Practical Reloading Manual


Nick Harvey’s Practical Reloading Manual, one of the very few books to have the latest Australian Powders and Australian cartridges for Australian conditions. Its on its ninth edition, full to the brim this specific information make it almost a must for the Australian reloading shooter.

$49. plus $10 all over Australia and even overseas to Tasmania.

If you need any more details about the other titles we have in our list just phone 07 54825070 or 07 54 824099 or Fax 07 54824718 or email owenguns@spiderweb.com.au

Another Example is our Best Seller as it is Australian written and produced with the Australian Shooting conditions in mind. If you like the small articles included with this Bulletin, Accurate Firearm Design and Understanding Cartridge Reloading and want to read an encyclopedia on shooting by the same author buy The Range Officer Handbook.

The Range Officer Handbook

The Range Officers Handbook pay by Pay Pal see Bulletin Special Announcement Page CLICK HERE
As already purchased by members of all Shooting Organisations.Some have even bought two copies one for home and one to take to the club. See Book Reviews by Nick Harvey in Sporting Shooters and Guns Australia in our new Gun Book Category.

rangeofficersmal phototiny1

It’s a week since I received a copy of “Range Officers Hand Book” and since that time I am nearly at the half way mark. I’m amazed at the at the number of subjects you have covered making it one of the most informative books to be added to my collection. It must have taken you a considerable amount of time and experience to publish the book with information not available in other popular Gunsmith manuals. I would recommend the book to “Range Officers” and anyone interested in the sport of target shooting and hunting.
Gene M Cornford P.O.Box 288, Kaeo 0448 N.Z. Firearms Gunsmith, Dip M.G.S +Member of American Gunsmithing Assoc.

The Range Officers Handbook is an encyclopedia or omnibus of firearms and ammunition and the use of them, it has:-
• 90 pages of Information for Range Officers,
• 239 pages on Coaching to Win,
• 110 pages on Air Rifle History &Training,
• 33 pages on hitting Clay Targets,
• 34 pages on Reloading Ammunition,
• 6 page of Contents,
• 18 pages of Index,
• 38 pages of Old into New, ( Chronological History of Firearms)
• 23 pages of Glossary of Terminology on Firearms and Optics
• Over 1000 drawings and photographs.
• Over 530 pages in a A4 stitched colour hardback.,
Some, hopefully will read it cover to cover, others will pick a heading out of the Contents pages and read a chapter or two, but no matter how much you know about shooting, reference material is always needed, as even people who rate as genius cannot retain everything. The real ability is being able to find out quickly and easily. You can check that you have the correct terminology, in the Glossary, check the Index and go straight to the right page. This book can be used as an information tool for a lifetime of shooting.
$75 Signed by the author (state who you would like it dedicated to) plus $10 postage Australia wide.
The Range Officers Handbook pay by Pay Pal see Bulletin Special Announcement Page Click Here

Norinco Model 213 ‘Tokargypt’ 9 shot Semi Auto


 The Model 213 original basis was designed by John Moses Browning, the world famous firearm designer. In the late 1920s the Colt /Browning mechanism was redesigned by Russian, Feoder Tokerev, simplified for mass production and chambered in the powerful 7.62×25. It used the Mod 1911 swinging link, short recoil system.
To enable easy maintenance the hammer and lock mechanism can be removed as a single assemble. To improve the Browning feed system the ammunition feed lips are machined into the frame rather than relying on pressed tin. Which on a battlefield where magazines lips do not get the best attention is a great advantage in reliability and makes the magazines cheaper to produce. It was an extremely tough, reliable and powerful pistol and was later modified by Hungary for export to Egypt this was known as the Tokagypt. The pistol differs from the Tokarev in being chambered for the 9mm Parabellum, and a fitted safety catch (WHICH SHOULD NEVER BE RELIED UPON) as well as the half cock safety.

As can be seen by the inset photo the barrels and chambers are all chrome plated.

It has a plastic wrap around grip stock, instead of the Tokerev ‘bakelite’ and a finger piece type floor plate on the magazine, which improves your chances of quickly getting it out and getting another one in after someone has rammed one in covered in mud. The M 213 Chinese version of this also has a chrome plated barrel shown in the above photograph. These are brand new unfired but have the usual scratch marks and rough corners as shown in the photographs. As standard the barrels are a millimetre short for club licences so are fitted with a slightly longer barrel. The steel is excellent and once a few surfaces, such as slides, are polished they are a slick an easy pointing pistol. Eight rounds in the magazine.

$369. each $700 for two.


plus registered post and appropriate licences.

Thoughts for the Week

Welcome to 2011, funny that fireworks are banned for us simple folk but governments can explode millions of tax payers dollars, at the end of the year and because of that we are supposed to vote them back into power, so they can oppress us to further degrees of tyranny. Government never seem to realise that each one of those millions of exploding shells has to be discharged from a tube, such as a mortar tube or barrel. If not, they could have no directional control. They sate the expectation of the people, so the people never think. They can do all this shooting, right in the middle of the cities, tons of burning embers falling from high buildings, yes a lot end up in the river, but everything that goes up, comes down, its gravity. No shooters licence for each Mortar Tube. No Permits to acquire each one, at $30 . The government does not have to supply a good reason for use and letters of permission from farmers. Nor wait for 28 days to shoot an explosive shell 300 metres into the sky. Some of them weigh a kilogram or more. The government will spend ten million on Sydney harbour fireworks and maybe double that figure for what the Commonwealth burns up just on New Years Eve.
That would be great if we were making a profit and this money was a part of the bounty from the governments efforts, but its not, every government in Australia makes a huge loss, the debt burden of interest increases each year. They threaten us with bankruptcy, extortion, worse than the Mafia, to get the efforts of our achievements, our earnings, to pay the interest to the banks for the loans that pay their wages. I’m sure our taxes only pay part of the interest and never touch the principle, they just borrow more. Borrow more for fireworks to keep the masses sedated, in the same way the Roman Emperor’s gave the people gladiator games and free bread and cakes just to sedate the masses. Why do the banks finance the government and give preferential interest rates to politicians, judges, lawyers and real estate agents? Why do the banks donate to every major political party prior to every election? The answer is simple, it protects the huge privilege that the government gives to banks, which is the gift of manufacturing the money, that allows them to control the economy. They can buy or bust any company they please, they can sell shares in News Corporation, so the price decreases from $48. To 48 cents. None of the big companies, or political parties can afford to upset them. They can however afford to upset us, the taxpaying /voter as we have very little concerted power.
Government Is Power and needs to be bound by the Chains of the Constitution?
A recent demonstration has brought a disaster to Queensland besides the floods and shooter not being able to travel out west and trim the pig population. We were told that on November the 1st 2010 the Queensland Police Weapons Branch turned off the computer program that was struggling to keep up with the growing registrations of Long arms in Queensland, which sometimes left shooters waiting for 17 weeks to receive their Permit To Acquire. That’s a ‘Service’ (as a Bull to a Cow) that should happen straight way after the thirty dollars is paid, some police staff misinform the waiting shooter that there is a 28 days cooling off period where the Weapons Act make it plain that the 28 day cooling off period only applies from the application date of the Licence not the application date of the Permit to Acquire, that should be processed immediately. Apparently this new computer program was going to make it so much quicker, (reminiscent of the Dept of Health programme ‘Payroll’, but they do not have to pay for their own wagers yet). As the story was told to us The genius in charge of this operation expected to turn one program off and ‘Whalla’ like the magician the new program would take over and even though at that time they were only four weeks behind processing there PTA applications, they would quickly catch up. Wrong it did not work, no one trained the staff with the new program, they did not know how to work it, so nothing happened the PTA applications just kept piling up while they sent all the staff for a course on running the new computer. December occurred shooters who had sent application in October were coming into the gunshop every day, saying to please hold on to their purchases as they were still waiting for there PTAs. When they phoned up the girls on the switchboard were telling them not to phone back as it just slowed them down further. Then an email came from Weapons Licencing branch to each Gun Shop from a lady named Joanna who was asking the Licensed gun shops to ask the customers to stop phoning up about there PTAs as that was slowing them down. At that point we made a poster up and placed it in the shop advising customers inquiring about PTAs to contact their local members of parliament as they are the ones who should be made aware of this huge delay and should be responsible for phoning up the Minister of Police and asking why their constituents had not received the permit as per the Act and as they had paid for it. Don’t forget we have just had a 126 % increase in licensing fees. I hope some of the 80 or so customers of Owen Guns who still are waiting phoned their local member of parliament. In the month of December only five succeeded in getting their PTAs and they had waited for months. No other industry, no other group of sportsmen, no other group relying on tools to save their crops and livelihoods would be so abused by the government that they vote for, to them we are just those weird shooters. A growing number of 200,000 licensed shooters in Queensland, we are the largest Army probably over a million in Australia lets hope in 2011 that we ask at least one question, Why register Long arms when the government cannot manage it, or prove that its necessary? Lets change Australia into a better place with more freedom for a free people. Or are we slaves? well we know the answer to that don’t we.

The Norinco JW 105. in .223 Remington.


The Norinco JW 105. in .223 Remington.

This is the (Jain Way) JW Model 105, Sometimes called Norinco. These rifles are made in the same factory that manufactures the now famous JW 15 .22 rifle (the Brno Mod One Copy) if you have had a JW15 or know of anyone who had one, you will know that they shoot sometimes better than the rifle they imitiated. These JW105 s are in .223 Remington calibre and have a five shot detachable magazine. They also come with Weaver style mount bases and Quick Detachable studs for QD sling swivels If you look carefully at the close up photograph you will notice a shiny silver colour, at the breech face,the camera has picked up the chrome plating from inside the chamber. The Chinese are the only non-military manufactures that can afford the chrome process of plating the Barrels and Chambers. They have also chromed the forward section of the Bolt. Chrome plating gives the best protection against erosion and corrosion than anything else besides regualr cleaning. The JW 105 is a copy of the Geveram and Krico that was very popular in the 1950s and 1960s, they were very good quality but I believe that Gevarm had to stop making them as the were too expensive to produce.These are the best value .223 remington centre-fire, repeating rifle on the market.

Brand New $460.


Tasco 4x 32 Silver Antler Rifle Scope

Thirty years ago we would have paid a $1000. for the same quality of vision and precision, a guaranteed leading optical manufacturer who warranties their products all over the World. They have a light gathering clarity that would have made those old dark Pecar’s appear like looking through a knot hole in fathers wooden leg. What’s more they are Waterproof. In 1970 during a storm in the Victorian mountains I can remember emptying my Pecar like a jug. It had a steel tube but it leaked like a sive.I was so disappointed I hunted Samba for years with open sites as I wanted reliability. I took the low priced option then and will always follow that example, at this price I could afford to buy a spare one.

$50. plus post

Any Inquiries on any products phone 07 54824099 or 07 54825070 or email owenguns@spiderweb.com.au

The Free External Ballistics Calculator NEW VERSION for all Components not Brand Specific.

Click This Link to read the Instruction Sheet.

Email : OwenGuns@spiderweb.com.au and the External Ballistics Calculator program will be sent to you in EXCEL Format free of charge.

Understanding Cartridge Reloading

The part of the cartridge that achieves the whole objective of the shot is the bullet, it is the item that does the desired work. It is the bullet that pierces the target, that put the food on the table or disposes of your countries enemies. All other components of the cartridge are mere incidentals; supporting items with nothing more than the duty of launching the bullet on its way. In truth, exactly the same may be said of the firearm itself. The only thing the firearm contributes, is to provide a platform and mechanism which will launch the bullet along a given path. Both cartridge and firearm are simply developments of man’s first projectile -launching devices, his arms, and serve only to increase the accuracy, power, and velocity of the missile. Obviously, if we could physically hurl a projectile as rapidly and as accurately as the firearm and cartridge combination can launch it, we wouldn’t have any need for today’s sophisticated arms and ammunition at all. Human invention, made up for our human physical human weaknesses,
From the beginning of firearms history, lead has been the predominate material of bullets. In ancient biblical times slingers had found that the unusually high density of lead made it the best choice for thrown missiles. A lead pellet, being far smaller for its equal weight than stone or iron, it could be thrown faster and flatter, and concentrated its impact in a much smaller area. Consequently, round lead balls were preferred for the earliest firearms, though iron, stone, and even wood or other materials were used in varying degrees. Since the earliest arms were hand cannon with large diameter, smooth-bored barrels and used very inefficient black powder, their effect was far more psychological than physical. Common soldiers attributed a great deal more effectiveness to early cannon and match locks than they really possessed, and many a regiments charge was put to flight by the mere flash, smoke, and sound of enemy firearms, even though not a single ball might take effect. Bullets weren’t really very important in the beginning.
However, as firearms developed in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, lead became the standard material for small arms projectiles. Artillery, on the other hand, standardized on iron, though handhewn stone balls continued to see service, sometimes sewn into leather coverings.
So long as gun barrels remained smooth-bore, the spherical lead ball remained the standard projectile. There was hardly any need for any further bullet development as the barrels in use could not stabilize it nor could they promise any predictable degree of accuracy.
Though rifling had been known for many years in several forms, it did not become widely used until the middle-late eighteenth century. The round lead ball still remained the most practical form of bullet, improved by the addition of a patch of cloth or leather which served not only to simplify ramming the tight-fitting balls down the bore, but aided in enabling the rifling to spin and stabilize the bullet. Contrary to popular belief, the patched round ball for rifles did not originate in the American Colonies. It had been known and somewhat indifferently used in Europe for a good many years before it came to prominence in the so-called “Kentucky” and “Pennsylvania” rifles of the frontiersmen. As early as the 1600’s, the Swiss and Danish riflemen used patched balls.
The round lead ball remained supreme until the development in France of the “Minie” bullet by Capt. Claude Etienne Minie of the Chasseurs d’Orleans. Representing the ultimate development of the muzzle-loading bullet, the Minie marked the end of a long struggle to develop a projectile that could be loaded as easily in a rifled barrel as the typical undersize ball could in a smooth-bore combination. The latter remained the world’s military standard simply because it permitted rapid and easy reloading in battle. And it must also be considered that infantry tactics of the day did not require any great degree of accuracy. Among dozens of attempts, only the Devilgne system had achieved any degree of success prior to the Minie bullet. Devilgne placed a post centrally in the base of the breech plug and the round undersize ball was dropped in the barrel to come to rest on this post. It was then hammered with the ramrod, against the post as an anvil, upsetting it radially to fill the rifling grooves. The ball, being of soft lead, was easily upset to accomplish this, but the several ramrod strokes required still slowed loading considerably. The system did not achieve wide use, and fell out of favour almost immediately with the development of the more convenient Minie bullet which was almost universally adopted within a very short time.
Captain Minie’s development was deceptively simple one of those things about which people might well have said, “Why didn’t I think of that?” It utilized a cylindral-conoidal bullet containing a deep a conical cavity in its base. The bullet was substantially smaller in diameter than the bore diameter of the barrel and could thus be easily rammed down upon the powder charge, even when the bore was considerably fouled from previous firing. On this subject, you might keep in mind that the black powder of a century or more ago produced a great deal more fouling than the modern products offered to today’s muzzle-loading afficionados. Grease on the Minie bullet, usually combined with the remnants of a paper cartridge and the fouling in the bore served to hold the bullet in position against the powder. Upon firing, Captain Minie’s genius came into play. Powder gases expended against the base of a conical clay or wood plug fitted into the bullet cavity. The wedging action of this plug expanded the base of the bullet to fill the rifling grooves. Consequently, the bullet was properly spun and stabilized by the rifling and the goal of rapid and convenient loading combined with rifle-barrel accuracy and power had been achieved at one fell swoop. In very short order it was discovered that the plug in the base of the bullet was not necessary and that equal functioning was obtained in its absence. Consequently, in its most common form the Minie bullet contained simply an open conical cavity in its base.


Though used extensively in other parts of the world during its short life, the Minie ball probably achieved its greatest execution in the Crimean and American War between the States. There, tactics remained the same- as they had been with smooth-bore muskets. Opposing formations closed in tightly packed masses to within a few yards of each other before opening fire, and the high degree of accuracy and greater penetration of the new system simply decimated formations. In, that war, the victors sometimes lost a third of their troops in such deadly close-range engagements.
Next edition further information on Bullets



Sling Shots as seen in use on the Streets of Bankok. If you cannot get a firearm seems as though these are the next best thing to take on the M16 opposition. Even though they lost the battle for the streets they won points for bravery. These have an internal magazine for quick loading, Extra effective using round lead musket balls for ammo.

Any Inquiries on any products phone 07 54824099 or 07 54825070 or email owenguns@spiderweb.com.au

If you want to order by mail have your card detail handy.



 Owner/Operators Manual for a Tikka Model 595/695 RH, Instructions, Assemble Dis-Assemble Maintenance, Exploded Diagrams, Instructions on adjusting Triggers, General Data, Parts lists Safety Warnings
Email : OwenGuns@spiderweb.com.au and it will be sent to you in .pdf format free of charge.
We have over 2500 firearm Manuals which if you need a particular one we can source and email to you please phone 07 54825070 or enquire via the above email but we will require $16.50 per electronic version or $25. per hard copy plus postage.

Any Inquiries on any firearm products phone 07 54824099 or 07 54825070 or email owenguns@spiderweb.com.au If you want to order by mail have your card detail handy.

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