- Always make sure that the firearm is unloaded.
- If possible remove the magazine.
- If possible remove the bolt. When not possible, lock open the action.
- If you have removed the bolt you may perform all cleaning steps from the chamber end.
- The first step is to run an appropriate calibre phosphor bronze brush through the bore. This removes loose debris
- Next, Swab the bore with an appropriate solvent. If you shoot copper jacketed projectiles, you need a copper solvent. If you shoot lead projectiles, a rimfire or a shotgun, you’ll need a solvent designed for that use.
- Run your phosphor bronze brush through the bore for a dozen or more times. This will help mix the solvent and dislodge any fouling.
- Leave the solvent in the bore for no longer than 15 (Fifteen) minutes
- With the correct size brass jag and flannelette, run a tight patch through the bore.
- Repeat steps 8 and 9 until there are no traces of fouling on your flannelette.
- With a soft bristle brush (Like a toothbrush) clean around the chamber, removing any material such as unburned powder or excess projectile lubricant.
- Swab bore with oil to neutralize the solvent. Oil the outside of the firearm also.
- Clean the bolt face with a firm bristle brush to remove any carbon fouling. Make sure to clean underneath the extractor and in the firing pin hole.
- Lightly oil your bolt.
- Remember you must do step 9 before you fire your firearm. Never fire a firearm with any obstacle in the bore.
With any other type of action the steps are the same as above except in the case of a firearm you cannot remove the bolt, you then must do all of the steps from the muzzle end.
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