Owen Guns Bulletin Edition 56 July 2011
Classified Guns for Sale – ADVERTISE YOUR GUNs HERE. New Site Just Opened, but selling guns so fast than we cannot photograph them and get them up there quick enough. We need yours to sell on Electronic Classifieds!
Visit our new Guns for Sale Classifieds listings now
Not Bullet or Powder Brand Specific.
Scroll down for Free Screensaver on Early Machine Guns.
To Order Goods From This Site. Everything in Stock at the time of publication, we can only hold prices while stocks last.
Phone 07 54825070 or 0754824099 in shop hours 9 am to 5 pm on weekdays and 9 to 12 on Saturdays, or fax to 07 54824718 with your credit card details.
Details should include Name of card, ie Visa or Mastercard. Name on Card. Number on Card, Expiry Date of Card, 3 secret numbers on the rear of the card.Your home phone or mobile number.
How you want it sent to you, ie mail or road freight. The address you want it sent to. Describe which item you want to purchase.
Visit this website now. We also have shooting articles and important firearm information for the gun enthusiast. Take away free gun photos and free firearm images for your gun gallery collection. New firearm related material is being added every day.
Any Inquiries on any products phone 07 54824099 or 07 54825070 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Marlin Model 336 W 30-30 Win
A no-frills hunting machine, the Model 336W is chambered for 30-30 Win. and features a 20″ Micro-Groove® (12 grooves). barrel with adjustable rear and ramp with hood front sights. Plus, its receiver is drilled and tapped for scope mounts. The walnut-finished hardwood stock and fore-end have cut checkering and come with a padded nylon sling included.Capacity 6-shot tubular magazine Lever action; side ejection; solid top receiver; deeply blued metal surfaces; gold-plated steel trigger; hammer block safety. Stock Walnut finished cut-checkered hardwood with pistol grip; tough Mar-Shield® finish; blued steel barrel band with integral swivel; padded nylon sling; hard rubber butt plate.Twist Rate 1:10″ r.h. Sights Adjustable semi-buckhorn folding rear; ramp front sight with brass bead and Wide-Scan® hood. offset hammer spur (right or left hand) for scope use.
Overall Length 38.25″ Weight 7 lbs $835. However for the first customer with the money there isone only for $785, still unfired brand new in the box but used by a Rep at a Gunshow.
Bushnell 3200 Elite 3-9 x 40 Variable Special only $295. plus registerd post.
Great news, Shooter have a win, Unfortunatly not in Australia.
A decade after that legislation was inroduced, in 2007, the Home Office claimed that gun crime was falling. It was David Davis who uncovered the truth, buried in a Home Office statistical bulletin, and confronted the then British Home Secretary Jacqui Smith with the facts: “Gun-related killings and injuries have increased over fourfold since 1998.”The mania to restrict firearms ownership among law-abiding people has led to a situation in which only outlaws have guns, as the American bumper sticker warns US citizens. In heavily armed America, only 13 per cent of burglaries take place while householders are on the premises, because intruders fear being shot. That is not the case in Australia and Britain where burglaries with householders present have a new catchy name ‘Home Invasions’, that again is because the law abiding are un armed. As our cousins in North America wind back the cruel impositions of firearm ownership Australian shooters recline back sedately smile, tip our hats at our local political masters hope they look after our hobby our freedoms and our way of life. While we are taking it easy,on the 12 May 2011 they slip another load of amendments of the Weapons Act 1990 into the Queensland parliament.
Police Minister Neil Roberts said “In August last year, I released a draft exposure Bill and called for further submissions from the public on proposed changes to the legislation. “The draft exposure Bill attracted more than 2,500 online comments and submissions from individuals and organisations and raised a number of significant and legitimate issues on some of the proposed changes. I believe the issues raised during the public consultation justify additional consideration. “That is why the government will proceed with amendments to the Weapons Act in two distinct stages.” Mr Roberts said stage one of the amendments would deal with those changes that are considered relatively straight forward, are arguably less contentious and have already been announced by the Government,
ALLIANT RELOADING SHOTGUN & PISTOL POWDER
Free Alliant Powder Reloading Book, just email email@example.com and it will be forwaded to you in .pdf format. Stop Press 2400 is presently out of stock. sold allready.
Shotgun & Pistol Powder per pound for Alliant Powders, RELOADER. Sorry but we have no dispatch facilities for powder. Australia Post will not deliver nor will any common carrier. If you cannot collect, ask a passing friend who has a shooters licence to purchase for you. We are right near the corner of the Bruce Highway. This product is high quality and gives the best results and meters well through all powder measures.
Sabatti Centrefire Rifles, Walnut Stocks. Set Triggers
Sabatti Rifles, Walnut Stock, Detachable Magazine, adjustable SET Trigger, large claw extractor.Sabatti have been producing firearms for hundreds of years in the Gardonne region of Italy. The company split from its pistol manufacturing operation Tanfoglio several years ago. The action is a Mauser type with dual opposed locking lugs with a claw extractor. Ideal for the traditionalist who appreciates Walnut stocks. We have most calibres in stock .223 r to 300 win mag. $850 while stocks last.
Tasco has been a leading name in the optical industry for eons, Tasco’s World Class Scope has been an industry standard since the 1980s it is the scope that many others are judged against and found lacking. The World Class due to its World Class forever Guarantee is rarely used we have sold thousands of them and I have been dealing with Tasco since 1975. The vision is quality, the adjustments are precision and the cross hairs are the right sized for target or hunting. They were selling there for $190. Now Only $117.00
plus postage. If you want to order by mail Phone 07 54825070 have your card detail handy .
Accurate Firearm Design
Open Bolt Verses Closed Bolt
Notice must be made of two different mechanisms intended to serve two purposes for example the Browning Automatic Rifle (B.A.R.) Model 1918, as was used in the United States Army. As for its purpose, which was purely military, it is a very effective firearm. It would seem to be much more of a light machine gun than a shoulder rifle for it weighs 16 to 22 pounds according to which of the many different types they produced, every soldier wanted the lightest ones and many parts for them were thrown away to keep the weight down, for soldiers want lightweight and need as much capacity as possible to carry ammunition (and a little food). The BAR were usually provided with a bipod, and could be made to operate either semi-automatically or full automatic. It is suitable for much longer bursts of sustained fire than can ordinarily be obtained with a semi-automatic shoulder rifles such as M 1 Garand or Gewehr 43 (G43) or Ljungman 42 b. The feature about the B.A.R. that we wish to call particular attention to is the termination of its cycle of operation when the trigger is squeezed in semi-automatic fire. Between shots the breech is open, and there is no cartridge in the chamber. When the trigger is pressed the breechblock first closes, forcing a cartridge from the magazine into the chamber. The rifle now being closed and loaded, the hammer falls, driving the firing pin forward and discharging the cartridge. Then the gas enters the gas port which is located about midway up the bore, and the gas pressure, operating through the piston and connecting rod on the breechblock, extracts and ejects the fired case, and retracts the breechblock, leaving the latter fully retracted to the rear. So when the trigger is squeezed, the breechblock, which is quite heavy, closes with a “slam, thump” just before the rifle fires. This slam is disconcerting to the shooter, and interferes to a considerable extent with fine marksmanship. This makes little difference with this particular firearm because it is quite heavy (at least 16 pounds) and because its tactical use is more to deliver an intense and prolonged burst of fire on a certain position rather than to hit an individual enemy, although in the hands of a man skilled in its use the B.A.R. is fully capable of hitting an individual target up to 400 yards. An arrangement of this cycle of operation has no place on a medium weight semi-automatic shoulder rifle, due to its bad effect on the accuracy of fire. The rifleman cannot hit small targets, because the slam of the closing breech interferes with a perfect trigger squeeze and hold through.
Open Bolt Verses Closed Bolt
The above drawings will illustrate the difference in the action of a fully automatic weapon which fires from an open bolt (sometimes termed a floating bolt, or incorrectly a slam action) with one which fires in the conventional manner.
Diagram “A” Shows action of the Thompson M1 A1 submachine gun, which fires from an open bolt. As here shown, the gun is ready to fire by pressing the trigger, upon which the breechblock will sweep forward carrying the top cartridge into the chamber and firing it as soon as the breech locks, upon which breechblock recoils back to position shown, fired case is ejected and another cartridge rides up in the spring powered magazine into position for loading. This completes one cycle of operation. Many full automatic weapons fire in this manner, and a few semi-automatic firearms have been so designed but due to this weight transfer causing a pre ignition recoil of its own, it makes aiming difficult.
Diagram “B” Shows the action of the Reising submachine gun. This fires same cartridge as the Thompson, but its action is entirely different although also fully automatic. With the Reising, the firing cycle rests with a cartridge seated in the chamber and the bolt closed and locked, as shown above. When the trigger is pressed only the “hammer” moves forward and much better aimed fire is possible from such a firearm better, only for the first shot, that is.
One or two .22 caliber semi-automatic rifles have been made to operate in this manner, such as the Gevarm but they have proved to be good fun but a lack of potential, due to that difficulty of holding on the target as the bolt slams closed for the finer refinements of practical accuracy. (There is one exception to this with the Owen Gun due to weight distribution it was better at first shot accuracy and semi-auto fire than any other example of open bolt mechanisms)
There is one very important advantage to this open bolt cycle of operation, particularly with a rifle intended to be fired in long sustained bursts where the barrel naturally gets very hot. With any magazine fed semi or automatic rifle with a closed bolt, it is possible to fire it so rapidly for such a long time that the barrel will become so heated that if the firing is stopped abruptly with a cartridge in the chamber, the heat of the barrel will discharge that cartridge in two or more seconds without the trigger having been pulled. Thus the shooter may complete a fast and long continued series of shots, finishing with a cartridge in the chamber, and he may even take the rifle down from his shoulder, and then in a few seconds, ‘bang’ off goes the rifle again. Obviously this is a very dangerous practice.
This is an abuse of a semi-automatic rifle, not a legitimate use. In proper use it should never occur, not even in the most furious stages of an intense battle, for there will never be necessity or legitimate opportunity to fire fast and long enough to cause the heat necessary for such a discharge. (never enough ammo) Once again we I state that a rifle is not merely a machine for squirting a great mass of bullets quickly. It is a firearm to hit targets with.
Extremely fast and long bursts of fire are also detrimental to the barrel, causing fast erosion. Quite often, in perfectly legitimate use, the barrel of a semiautomatic shoulder rifle may get quite hot from rapid and sustained firing. The heat of the barrel will then “cook” a cartridge left for long in the chamber, and while normal heating of this kind will not cause its discharge, yet it will considerably increase the breech pressure of that cartridge if it is fired while still very hot, and the bullet will probably strike high above the target. Therefore, it is best not to let a cartridge remain for any considerable length of time in a hot barrel, but extract it and leave the breech open to let the barrel cool.
Continued in Edition 57.
Owen Gun Instructional Wall Charts
The Owen Gun, the best sub-machine carbine of World War II. Invented, designed and manufactured in Australia. Australia, that was at that time under threat of invasion by the Japanese. As used, by Lysaghts to train staff in assemble-diss-assembly at the Springhill Works, Port Kembla and Lysaghts Newcastle. These Instrucitonal Wall Chart Posters were also used by the Australian Forces from 1942 to 1967 for training purposes.These Owen Gun Wall Charts are printed on a banner vinyl, so do not need framing or laminating. Great for Returned Service Club, Rifle Clubs, Behind the bar, in the reloading room. Complete with the inventors Evelyn Owen signature. Two vinyl sizes
730mm x 480mm $40. plus $12 for tube and postage.
1080mm x 720mm $55. plus $15 for tube and postage.
Art paper poster 550 x 420 $30. plus $10 tube and postage, (suitable for framing.) If you want to order by mail Phone 07 54825070 have your card detail handy .
Bad weather, rough handling. Heavy, repeated recoil. It’s all part of hunting, so your Leupold Rifleman is built to take it. You also get a bright, clear sight picture for precise targeting each and every time, even in low light conditions. Mount a Rifleman on your favourite rifle and hunt with confidence.
• All Leupold Golden Ring optics are covered by their Full Lifetime Guarantee
• For more information on construction or use of your Leupold Rifleman riflescope, email firstname.lastname@example.org
• Incredibly rugged – the Riflemans 1? maintube aircraft-grade aluminum to withstand heavy, repeated recoil.
• 100% waterproof; filled with bone-dry nitrogen and sealed for waterproof integrity.
• The Wide Duplex reticle is designed for a variety of hunting and shooting applications.
• Ample eye relief protects your eye from heavy recoil.
• Outstanding repeatable accuracy.
• Fully coated lenses transmit a bright sight picture, even in low light conditions. $260. plus registerd post.
The Mossberg Maverick has everything you need, pinpoint accuracy, smooth action and big-game calibers. The rifle is offered in four widely popular calibers: .270 Win, .30-06 Sprg., .243 Win and .308 Win., and features a free-floating, 22 inch button-rifled barrel. A Black Synthetic Stock. Weaver styled Mounts and a 3-9×40 Variable Scope. This powerful combination delivers a high level of accuracy unheard of in a value-priced centre-fire rifle. A side lever safety is utilized for convenience and safety afield, and the all-steel, machined receiver provides the Maverickwith positive lock-up for consistent operation. This rifle delivers high performance without the high maintenance.
For generations, Mossberg has built reliable, quality firearms at an unparalleled value. This American-made bolt action rifle is the first they have introduced in over 20 years. Blink and it’s a Savage or a Stevens and very similar to the Marlin. Just better priced at
$480. for package deal plus post If you want to order by mail Phone 07 54825070 have your card detail handy . Email : email@example.com
Understanding Reloading Ammunition
Development of the Primer
Centerfire cartridge primers exist today in copious assortments but in three basic types. Each type was developed to meet a specific need and set of circumstances.
Present ammunition requirements could be met with a single mechanical design, or priming device, if certain changes in case design were made. The three types are firmly entrenched, though, and no sudden change is likely to effect them. Rimfire as it is not centrefire will not be discussed here as I have only ever heard of one person reloading it, the cheapness of rimfire ammunition will keep it very popular for many generations to come.
The first two basic types are “Berdan” and “Boxer” utilized in metallic cartridges, the latter primarily in the United States, Canada, and Australia, (yes it used to be made here) the former for the same purpose in most other countries of the world. The third type is the “Battery Cup” type of primer used in shotshell cases, be they brass, plastic or in days gone bye paper. It is also used to in rare steel metallic shotshell cases. Europe (once completely standardized on Berdan) but now produces quite a lot of Boxer-primed ammunition.
Ignition of powder in a barrel or chamber has been accomplished down through history by weird and wondrous means. First came the application of a glowing coal, hot wire or slow-match to a touch hole leading to the main charge, the cannon lock and matchlock, which was eventually refined to the point where a trigger moved a slow-match into contact with priming powder.
The intricately wrought (like a clock mechanism) wheellock followed. It spun a serrated wheel against which a piece of pyrites or flint-like stone was pressed. Sparks were generated to ignite priming powder. It is doubtful, in my opinion, that any firearm mechanism since (or before, for that matter) has even produced such skilled craftsmen. Those who produced ornate, delicately chiseled and sculptured wheellocks during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries have gone unmatched in skill ever since.
Eventually the very expensive wheellock gave way to new forms where a flint was struck against an angled, roughened steel plate to throw a shower of sparks into a pan of priming powder.
This type evolved into the true flintlock familiar to us in the Brown Bess or Davy Crockett and Daniel Boone type Kentucky and Pennsylvania rifles. In its most highly developed form, the flintlock ruled the world for nearly two centuries, but still left much to be desired. Untold numbers of thinkers strove to improve upon it.
Chemical compounds such as the fulminates of gold and mercury had been known since the mid-seventeenth century. However, no practical use for them had been found. Their characteristic of exploding at the slightest blow made them useless as “working” explosives.
The Reverend Alexander John Forsyth, Scotch clergyman, had interests other than the mere saving of Presbyterian souls. He saw in the dangerous fulminates a way to rid gunners of dependence upon flint and steel. Forsyth’s development was a fulminate that could be handled with a fair degree of safety, yet would explode violently when struck sharply. in 1805, he announced his “Detonating Powder” as admirably suited to ignition of firearms.
Detonating powder was used in a number of ways. Loose, it was placed in a magazine which discharged a measured amount as required into a shallow cavity of the gun lock. When struck by the hammer, it exploded and flame flashed through a hole to ignite the black powder propelling charge. Some locks of this type were called “scent bottle” locks because the pivoted powder magazine resembled perfume flagons of the period. Forsyth built this type of lock, but it was not too successful, what with the possibility (and none too remote, at that) of the detonating powder container exploding grenade like in a shooter’s face. Even the most free-thinking rifleman values his eyes rather highly.
Forsyth also encased detonating powder in soft metal tubes (for waterproofing and ease of handling) which could be struck by the hammer. At least one form used a long tube of powder from which a knife-edge on the descending hammer sheared off short lengths. Just how one could expect the hammer to shear off a short length without exploding the entire tube is not clear. Only the severed section was intended to detonate and fire the main charge. This lock type was short-lived, and not widely used.
The Pill Lock utilized small pellets of detonating powder. The powder was mixed with a binder (some form of gum) and rolled into small roundish “pills.” These fiery (and dangerous) pellets were placed in a cavity from which a flash hole led to the propelling charge. A protruding nose on the hammer entered the cavity to crush and detonate the pellet, which in turn flashed through to ignite the black powder in the barrel. Pill Locks could be water-proofed by closing the cavity (over the properly seated pill) with wax. This most practical use of Forsyth’s powder was the development of an American named Guthrie.
A logical development of the detonating pill was to encase the powder in sealed metal, paper, or foil “caps” which could be handled more easily. Countless inventors worked with the idea. Pauly, of Paris, made paper caps, Dreyse made metal ones in 1824, and later used them in the celebrated “Needle Gun” (Zundnadel Gewehr) cartridges.
Of the many methods for encasing detonating powder, none were particularly efficient or long-lived until an Englishman turned-American artist and sportsman entered the picture. Joshua Shaw (1776-1860) arrived in Bordenton, N.J. in 1814, and soon moved to Philadelphia, continuing to reside there the balance of his life. Shaw is reported to have gotten the basic percussion cap idea in England, but kept it to himself until arriving in New Jersey.
Like most worthwhile ideas, Shaw’s was simple. Make a small, thin metal cup and place detonating powder (mixed with a gum to make it cohesive) in the bottom of the cup. A nipple (cone) was supplied over which the inverted cup (cap) was pressed. The fit was tight enough to insure the cap would not fall off in normal handling of the arm. The nipple was drilled through its length, the passage communicating with the propelling charge. When the gun was fired, the heavy hammer crushed the soft cap against the nipple, igniting the detonating powder. Flame flashed through the nipple to ignite the main charge. As an added, and certainly valuable, refinement, Shaw covered the pellet of powder with a disc of thin metal foil, shellacked or varnished in place. This not only held the pellet securely, but waterproofed the cap.
Shaw’s first caps were made of thin steel in 1814, in essentially the same form the percussion cap still carries today. They were not satisfactory, so he switched to pewter, and finally again in 1816, to the ideal material, the soft copper used ever since. The compound used changed as he went along, too. Potassium chlorate used in early caps was too touchy. The standardized compound evolved as a mixture of fulminate of mercury, chlorate of potash, and ground glass, which served admirably for nearly the entire percussion period.
The malleable copper cup which would cling tightly to the nipple and not shatter when fired, made Shaw’s percussion cup the safest and surest form of ignition firearms had yet known. They were extremely simple to use, not expensive to manufacture, were relatively free of danger of accidental explosion, and were sure-fire, even in rain.
Hundreds of other inventors got into the act, and dozens in Europe and England claimed to have invented the cap before Shaw. It was a time of much experimentation and some of the claimants may have had an edge on Shaw, but it seems unlikely. In any event, only a few years were required for the percussion cap to become the standard form of ignition over virtually all of the civilized world.
Continued in Edition 57.
(Air Rifle Scopes have to be EXTRA shock resistant for High powered Air Rifles) . These single shot spring air rifle feature ultra Hi ergonomics in its soft, synthetic pistol style grip and sculptured cheek piece, 28 pounds of cocking force gets up to 1000 fps. Other features include a two stage Adjustable trigger, Ventilated rubber recoil pad, Precision rifled steel barrel, Crossblock trigger blocking mechanism, Ambidextrous safety, made in the USA.
$300. With 3–9×40 Variable Centrepoint Air Rifle Scope and Mounts. $200 without. plus freight
The Free External Ballistics Calculator NEW VERSION for all Components not Brand Specific.
Click This Link to read the Instruction Sheet.
Mossberg Model 802 Plinkster, 10 Shot Bolt Action Repeater $250.
The Norinco JW 105. in .223 Remington.
The Norinco JW 105. in .223 Remington.
This is the (Jain Way) JW Model 105, Sometimes called Norinco. These rifles are made in the same factory that manufactures the now famous JW 15 .22 rifle (the Brno Mod One Copy) if you have had a JW15 or know of anyone who had one, you will know that they shoot sometimes better than the rifle they imitiated. These JW105 s are in .223 Remington calibre and have a five shot detachable magazine. They also come with Weaver style mount bases and Quick Detachable studs for QD sling swivels If you look carefully at the close up photograph you will notice a shiny silver colour, at the breech face,the camera has picked up the chrome plating from inside the chamber. The Chinese are the only non-military manufactures that can afford the chrome process of plating the Barrels and Chambers. They have also chromed the forward section of the Bolt. Chrome plating gives the best protection against erosion and corrosion than anything else besides regualr cleaning. The JW 105 is a copy of the Geveram and Krico that was very popular in the 1950s and 1960s, they were very good quality but I believe that Gevarm had to stop making them as the were too expensive to produce.
These are the best value .223 remington centre-fire, repeating rifle on the market. If you want to order by mail Phone 07 54825070 have your card detail handy .
Brand New $460.
Our Best Selling Book is Australian written and produced with the Australian Shooting conditions in mind. If you like the small articles included with this Bulletin, Accurate Firearm Design and Understanding Cartridge Reloading and want to read an encyclopedia on shooting by the same author buy The Range Officer Handbook.
The Range Officer Handbook
The Range Officers Handbook pay by Pay Pal see Bulletin Special Announcement Page
As already purchased by members of all Shooting Organisations.Some have even bought two copies one for home and one to take to the club. See Book Reviews by Nick Harvey in Sporting Shooters and Guns Australia in our new Gun Book Category.
It’s a week since I received a copy of “Range Officers Hand Book” and since that time I am nearly at the half way mark. I’m amazed at the at the number of subjects you have covered making it one of the most informative books to be added to my collection. It must have taken you a considerable amount of time and experience to publish the book with information not available in other popular Gunsmith manuals. I would recommend the book to “Range Officers” and anyone interested in the sport of target shooting and hunting.
Gene M Cornford P.O.Box 288, Kaeo 0448 N.Z. Firearms Gunsmith, Dip M.G.S +Member of American Gunsmithing Assoc.The Range Officers Handbook is an encyclopedia or omnibus of firearms and ammunition and the use of them, it has:-
• 90 pages of Information for Range Officers,
• 239 pages on Coaching to Win,
• 110 pages on Air Rifle History &Training,
• 33 pages on hitting Clay Targets,
• 34 pages on Reloading Ammunition,
• 6 page of Contents,
• 18 pages of Index,
• 38 pages of Old into New, ( Chronological History of Firearms)
• 23 pages of Glossary of Terminology on Firearms and Optics
• Over 1000 drawings and photographs.
• Over 530 pages in a A4 stitched colour hardback.,
Some, hopefully will read it cover to cover, others will pick a heading out of the Contents pages and read a chapter or two, but no matter how much you know about shooting, reference material is always needed, as even people who rate as genius cannot retain everything. The real ability is being able to find out quickly and easily. You can check that you have the correct terminology, in the Glossary, check the Index and go straight to the right page. This book can be used as an information tool for a lifetime of shooting.
The Range Officers Handbook pay by Pay Pal see Bulletin Special Announcement Page Click Here
Operators Manual for a Ruger Single Six and Super Single Six Revolvers, InstructionsAssemble Dis-Assemble Maintenance Exploded Diagrams General Data, Remember, one of the guns you used to own.
Email : OwenGuns@spiderweb.com.au and it will be sent to you in .pdf format free of charge.
We have over 2500 firearm Manuals which if you need a particular one we can source and email to you please phone 07 54825070 or enquire via the above email but we will require $16.50 per electronic version or $25. per hard copy plus postage.
If you want to order by mail Phone 07 54825070 have your card detail handy .To enquire about any product in our newsletter or website, send an email to
firstname.lastname@example.orgTo subscribe to this newsletter add your email address to the Newsletter sign up field in the right menu column.
This Newsletter is published by Owen Guns 24 McMahon Road, Gympie Ph: 07 5482 5070If you no longer wish to receive the newsletter, click Unsubscribe to have your email address automatically removed from our email list.
2069 total views, 1 today